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Modélisation numérique du comportement statique et vibratoire des poutres sandwich viscoélastiques à gradient de propriétés

Abstract : This thesis proposes a numerical tool for the static and dynamic study of viscoelastic structures made of Functionally Graded Materials (FGM) for vibration control by passive damping. The objective is to make available to engineers a generic code based on the finite element approach for sizing calculations on FGM sandwich beam with viscoelastic core for applications requiring lightness and good thermal and mechanical resistance such as aerospace, automotive and nuclear. To reach this objective we first proposed a numerical model for the static and free vibration study of FGM sandwich beams with elastic behavior. This finite element model is implemented in the Matlab code environment. Using this code, we compare different beam theories for different geometric properties and boundary conditions. Thus, the limit of the classical beam theory in the study of short structures is highlighted. Also with this numerical model, the study of axial-bending and axial-rotation coupling is possible. From this, it is shown that FGM structures are very sensitive to spatial coupling and warping effects because of the non-symmetrical distribution of the material in their cross sections. In the proposed code, the resolution of the vibration problem is possible using classical eigenvalue and eigenvector problem solving methods. Then to introduce passive damping in the FGM sandwich structure, we proposed a sandwich beam model with FGM materials faces and viscoelastic materials core. This model is also implemented in the Matlab language and proposed as a generic tool. The interest of this numerical tool lies in its ability to compute the modal properties as well as the behavior of the viscoelastic FGM sandwich beam while taking into account the frequency dependence of the viscoelastic behavior, the boundary conditions and the axial-bending and axial-rotation coupling specific to FGM materials. The free vibration problem is non-linear in this case due to the material non-linearity induced by the soft layer. In the proposed code, the resolution of this problem is possible thanks to the coupling of the homotopy technical, the asymptotic numerical method and the automatic differentiation. Through this work, the contribution of FGM materials in the improvement of the damping power of structures is highlighted. In the continuation of the work, we propose a finite element formulation to compute the amplitude of forced vibrations of viscoelastic FGM sandwich structures. The resolution of the forced vibration problem is possible by using the bandwidths method. A study on the contribution of FGM materials in the reduction of vibration amplitudes is carried out for different viscoelastic laws. It is proved in this study that by a direct control of the composition gradient of FGM materials it is possible to optimize the damping power of structures even for low frequency modes for which classical composite materials have a damping power requiring improvement.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 10:22:44 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:54:00 PM
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Kouami Koutoati. Modélisation numérique du comportement statique et vibratoire des poutres sandwich viscoélastiques à gradient de propriétés. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université de Lorraine, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORR0290⟩. ⟨tel-03285140⟩



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