Effects of high magnetic field on high purity Fe-C alloys during diffusional phase transformation

Abstract : In this work, the influence of the magnetic field on diffusional phase transformation in high purity Fe-C alloys has been investigated theoretically and experimentally. The magnetic field induced microstructural features and crystallographic orientation characteristics have been thoroughly studied in three different carbon content alloys: Fe-0.12C, Fe-0.36C and Fe-1.1C alloys. Magnetic field induces different aligned and elongated microstructures along the field direction, namely aligned and elongated pearlite colonies in Fe-0.12C alloy and elongated proeutectoid ferrite grains in Fe-0.36C alloy, due to the two scaled magnetic dipolar interaction. Magnetic field increases the amount of ferrite in hypoeutectoid alloys and this field effect becomes more pronounced with the increase of the carbon composition. Magnetic field inhibits the formation of Widmanstätten ferrite by introducing additional driving force to ferritic transformation and thus reducing the need for low energy interface which is required to overcome the transformation barriers during slow cooling process. Magnetic field promotes the formation of abnormal structure by increasing the driving force of transformation from carbon-depleted austenite to ferrite and it enhances the spheroidization of pearlite due to its influence on accelerating carbon diffusion resulting from increased transformation temperature, together with its effect on increasing the relative ferrite/cementite interface energy. The field induced enhancement of carbon solution in ferrite is evidenced through the WDS-EPMA measurements for the first time. Ab-initio calculations reveal that the presence of an interstitial carbon atom in bcc Fe modifies the magnetic moments of its neighboring Fe atoms. This leads to the decrease of the demagnetization energy of the system and makes the system energetically more stable under the magnetic field. Due to the atomic-scaled magnetic dipolar interaction, magnetic field favors the nucleation and growth of the ferrite grains with their distorted <001> direction parallel to the transverse field direction, and thus induces the enhancement of the <001> fiber component in the transverse field direction. This field effect is related to the crystal lattice distortion induced by carbon solution and its impact becomes stronger with the increase of the carbon content and the field intensity. Three ORs between pearlitic ferrite and cementite have been found in present work, namely Isaichev (IS) OR and two close Pitsch-Petch (P-P) ORs. Magnetic field hardly changes the types of the appearing ORs, but it considerably increases the occurrence frequency of the P-P2 OR, especially in Fe-1.1C alloy, by favoring the nucleation of ferrite
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Xiaoxue Zhang. Effects of high magnetic field on high purity Fe-C alloys during diffusional phase transformation. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012LORR0052⟩. ⟨tel-01749219⟩

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