Study of light effect on the electrical properties of a magnetic tunnel junction

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the study of the effects of light on a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ). A MTJ is made of a nanometer thick insulating layer sandwiched between the two magnetic layers. When an electric current is injected into such a structure, a voltage can be measured across the insulating layer. This voltage depends on the relative orientation of the magnetizations of the two magnetic layers. This is known as the tunnel magneto-resistance effect. We have shown in this thesis that voltage depending on the orientation of the magnetic layers can be measured when the junction is illuminated with light. By studying the influence of the substrate, the position of the light beam, the wave length of light and the response of the system to a laser pulse, we have been able to demonstrate the presence of photovoltaic and Seebeck effects. These results show that it is possible, thanks to the sunlight, to read the information from magnetic memory (MRAM) made of a MTJ
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  • HAL Id : tel-01751282, version 1

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Yong Xu. Study of light effect on the electrical properties of a magnetic tunnel junction. Other [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0256⟩. ⟨tel-01751282⟩

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