Élaboration de composites base magnésium pour des applications d'allègement de structures et de protection balistique dans le secteur des transports

Abstract : The present PhD thesis falls within a structure lightweighting issue in the transport field for civil and military applications. Today, the metallic structural parts in transports are mainly composed of aluminum alloys and steels. With an inferior density and a similar specific mechanical strength to these metals, the AZ91 alloy appears to be a promising alternative. Despite its precipitation strengthening, its relative low mechanical properties limit its current use as engineering material. An improvement could be reached via microstructure refinement and ceramic particle strengthening. Powder metallurgy, involving Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS), will be used as an effective way to improve the AZ91 properties using these two approaches. AZ91 alloys were produced by SPS and reinforced by SiC particles. Their mechanical properties were optimized by microstructure control. This control was carried out by adjusting the SPS processing parameters to optimize the alloy densification, its grain size and its precipitate content. The mechanical properties of the materials were evaluated via hardness testing, compression tests in quasi-static and dynamic conditions as well as quasi-static tensile tests. The tensile tests were carried out after an up-scaling of the production process from Ø30 mm cylindrical pieces to Ø80 mm pieces. In addition to the tensile tests, the up-scaling step allowed to study the repeatability of the process conditions. While the mechanical optimization of the SPS processed materials was paid on their compressive properties, their tensile properties gave information on their cohesion and ductility. In order to highlight the mechanical improvement got by microstructure refinement and particle strengthening, the SPS processed materials were compared with cast AZ91 alloys
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Mathieu Mondet. Élaboration de composites base magnésium pour des applications d'allègement de structures et de protection balistique dans le secteur des transports. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0043⟩. ⟨tel-01757306⟩

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