Approche inverse pour l’identification des propriétés viscoélastiques de structures sandwichs amorties

Abstract : In this work, a inverse identification method of the mechanical properties of the viscoelastic material (shear modulus and loss factor) functionalized in a sandwich structure with three symmetrical layers is proposed. The objective of this work is to be able to identify the mechanical properties in situ. Through a finite element model based on Rao's Zig-Zag model, our model ensures the modal parameter determination of the sandwich beam. The inverse approach consists of an iterative procedure that determines the mode shapes given the material parameters and then calculates the viscoelastic properties from the modes using a Rayleigh quotient until convergence on the properties of the material is satisfied. The input parameters of the inverse model are the resonance frequencies and loss factors of the sandwich beam obtained experimentally. As a result, the frequency dependence of the viscoelastic properties of the sandwich beam is determined by an automated way. The method has been successfully compared to Ross-Kerwin-Ungar formulas; a standard optimization approach and the literature. From the results, we have been able to deduce the constitutive laws of the viscoelastic heart according to rheological models such as the generalized Maxwell model, ADF, GHM and fractional Zener. This experimental device coupled to the method of identification allowed the investigation of modal parameters of the beam at different temperatures to study the effect of the temperature on the rheological laws. To study the robustness of our method, we carried out tests repeatability, reproducibility on a sample population. Since the effectiveness of our method has been proven, a sensitivity study has been carried out on the geometrical characteristics of our structure and the input parameters. The results obtained show the strong impact of certain parameters on identification
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Koffi Senanou Ledi. Approche inverse pour l’identification des propriétés viscoélastiques de structures sandwichs amorties. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université de Lorraine, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LORR0250⟩. ⟨tel-02103575⟩

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