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Les Règles du savoir-vivre dans le théâtre de Jean-Luc Lagarce : une lecture ethnocritique et stylistique des œuvres dernières

Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to propose an ethnocritical reading of the dramatic works of Jean-Luc Lagarce. It involves rereading the works of a writer consecrated by the Comédie Française and the Institution in an ethnocritical perspective which combines a poetics of literary texts with an ethnology of the symbolic in order to study the specific cosmologies present in the works. In order to do this, we propose to use a rhetorical and stylistic approach in order to illustrate the scriptural singularity demonstrated by the generic hybridity which is characteristic of his works and by forms of speech that are both highly “oralized” and very literary, in other words very “auralized”. We will pay particular attention to his last works: Juste la fin du monde, Les Règles du savoir-vivre dans la société moderne, J’étais dans ma maison et j’attendais que la pluie vienne et Le Pays lointain because of their emblematic and testamentary value. The first part of the thesis focuses on the rules, rituals and customs that are present in the works. The second part examines a third group of characters defined by Lagarce, as in addition to the living and the dead there are those who know they are going to die. These already-dead characters found in his works are liminary characters characterized by punctuation and typography that signifies a liminal space between two worlds: quotation marks, parentheses, dashes and italics invite us to explore the margins of the heterotopic theatre of Lagarce. The third part looks at the rules of creation in his final works that illustrate the processes of re-writing and hybridization between theatre, prose fiction and poetry. Our hypothesis is that as death drew closer, Lagarce saw each work as his last and each thus represents a rite of passage meant to insure that Lagarce will enjoy the recognition that he had not obtained while alive; each work is meant to guarantee his literary posterity through an “oeuvre-legenda” meant for his readers and that ended up by encountering spectators.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 18, 2021 - 3:04:06 PM
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Alicia Devaux-Rodriguez. Les Règles du savoir-vivre dans le théâtre de Jean-Luc Lagarce : une lecture ethnocritique et stylistique des œuvres dernières. Littératures. Université de Lorraine; Université du Luxembourg, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LORR0132⟩. ⟨tel-03383186⟩

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